The Increasing Role Of The Kazakhstan Private-Public Partnership Center JSC in Promoting PPP Projects ab 14.99 EURO
'Geopolitics of Central Asia: China-US Engagement' signifies the increasing engagement of US and China over the geopolitical landscape of Central Asia just not keeping an eye on the natural resources and geo-strategic position of the region but to draw out a balance of power in Asia by engaging each other. Central Asia as a single geographical entity consists five republics of the former Soviet Union, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan. The landmass always known as 'heartland' has been recognised as the region of strategic importance, because of its critical position at the crossroads of Russia, China and the Islamic World. Its importance has been further accentuated with the presence of huge hub of untaped energy resources in the region. Whether part of Mackinder's World Island, Spykman's Rimland or Cohen's Shatterblt region, Central Asia has always been seen as a region of strategic importance for global powers and has generated tremendous global interests. The present book is an endeavour to look into the growing U.S.-China involvement in Central Asia and their policy implications on the local and regional security.
Governments and global development agencies consider tourism to be a key tool by which developing countries can diversify their economies and lift populations from the grips of poverty. Its "sustainable" image lends itself specifically to the development of rural economies. The growth of ecological, cultural, and adventure tourism has assisted in propelling tourism forward as the "sexy" development option for rural communities. What About The Locals?: Impacts of Tourism Development on Mountain Communities in Central Asia, explores the development of tourism in the mountain regions of Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan. Local, regional, and national governments work closely with global development agencies and international tourism firms to foster investment and infrastructure development, with the intended goal of increasing skilled employment, entreprenuerialism, and taxable revenue. Dr. Allen's indepth case studies reveal that, despite good intentions, tourism development can lead to unequal competition between international and locally based firms, degradation of local ecosystems, and rarely provides stable skilled employment.
Kazakhstan is a developing nation situated in Central Asia. Despite its vast natural resources, from the oil rich west and mineral rich east, suffers from regional disparity. Because of Kazakhstan s relatively large area and low level of inhabitants, the population is concentrated in a few regions, causing large distances between cities. To help solve this problem this paper looks at the possibility of high-speed trains (HSTs) to create agglomeration economies. This is done through extensive review of literature on the academic side of transport and urban economics and also includes case studies where scholars review operational HST networks. The benefit of this is that the reader is presented with both a theoretical as well as empirical aspects in reviewing the possibility of introducing a HST in Kazakhstan. Despite the optimistic benefits stated by scholars for a successful investment and a positively impacting project on the regional scale, this paper concludes that HSTs do not have a place in Kazakhstan yet, due to the lack of conditions and circumstances that have been responsible for significant economic impact in both literature and case studies.
This paper presents a common approach for the unit commitment problem solving in a dispersed power system involving renewable energy sources on the example of Kazakhstan. The proposed methodology will help all interested organizations and structures to see the possibility of covering the shortage of power generation capacities by increasing the share of renewable energy sources in generating electricity and their parallel work with the existing generation facilities instead of commissioning of traditional energy sources. Also, according to this methodology, there is a possibility to choose the optimal source of renewable energy and the possibility of testing the operation of a part of the dispersed power system, as autonomous. This methodology includes the analyzing of impact of the regional and global energy trends, legislation and the potential for renewable energy sources. The numerical results show the possibility of solving the problem of unit commitment with renewables with the least operating costs and with the most optimal renewable energy source type in the region.
Kazakhstan, as an independent nation, has done well. It can leverage its natural resources and human capacity, by applying proven management practices in both domestic and international business engagement. The traditional way of life, nomadic culture, and strong family ties are strengths that can be harnessed for modern life-styles. The rich mineral resources are to be processed through increased manufacturing activities, which in turn can produce value-added products, for increasing revenues.
This volume provides a state-of-the-art account of the geology of part of Central Asia named The Central Asian Orogenic Belt (CAOB). This Belt formed by accretion of island arcs, ophiolites, oceanic islands, seamounts, accretionary wedges, oceanic plateaux and microcontinents (c. 1000 250 Ma ago) by similar processes to those in the circum- Pacific Mesozoic Cenozoic accretionary orogens. Also known as Altaids, this region is one of the largest orogenic belts on Earth, extending from the Ural Mountains in the West to far eastern Siberia. It is the product of a complex evolution lasting for more than 800 million years from the latest Mesoproterozoic to the end of the Palaeozoic. The CAOB consists of numerous accreted terranes, made up of island arcs, oceanic plateaux and islands, Precambrian microcontinents and remnants of oceanic crust that are preserved as fragmented ophiolites. Although the broad history if this huge territory is now reasonably well understood there are still major unanswered questions such as the rate and volume of crustal growth, the origin of continental fragments, the detailed mechanism of accretion and collision, the role of terrane rotations during the orogeny, and the age and composition of the lower crust in Central Asia. Large parts of Central Asia (Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Siberia and parts of Mongolia) treated in this volume have only been poorly covered in scholarly western publications. Most contributions of this book are by Russian scientists actively involved in field and laboratory research of the CAOB and therefore have an intimate knowledge of the terranes which they describe and analyze. In view of the increasing significance of Central Asia because of its wealth of mineral resources this volume is of interest to readers from all fields of the geosciences and from academics to industry.
Kyrgyz or Kirghiz, Kyrgyz tili is a Turkic language and, together with Russian, an official language of Kyrgyzstan. Genetically it is most closely related to Altay and more distantly so to Kazakh, however, modern-day language convergence has resulted in an increasing degree of mutual intelligibility between Kyrgyz and Kazakh. Kyrgyz is spoken by about 4 million people in Kyrgyzstan, China, Afghanistan, Kazakhstan, Tajikistan, Turkey, Uzbekistan, Pakistan and Russia. Kyrgyz was originally written in a modified Perso-Arabic script until the mid-20th century, when a Latin script was briefly used. However, due to Soviet influence, a modified form of the Cyrillic alphabet eventually became standardized and has remained so to this day although the Arabic script is still used among some Kyrgyz. When Kyrgyzstan became independent following the Soviet Union's collapse in 1991, there was a popular idea among some Kyrgyz politicians to return the language back to the Latin alphabet. However, this plan has never been implemented.
This study is concerned with the issue of how Kazakh repatriates integrate into the new environment after coming back to their historical motherland. Following the increasing scholarly interest in regard to the problems of adaptation of migrants to the realities they meet within host countries, the presented topic focuses primarily on three specific research questions that will bring complementary understandings on migration phenomena and illustrate the strengths and weaknesses of relevant conceptions in terms of their applicability within the conditions of Kazakhstan. In turn, the study formulates some new conceptualizations and interpretations that might be found useful for future investigations on repatriation as a category of international migration. The first question touches upon how the Kazakh repatriates position themselves within and feel accommodated to the whole local society, while the second investigates the attitude of the natives towards the repatriates themselves. The last question articulates the major obstacles in the way of social integration of repatriates into the Kazakhstani nation.